World war i and ii essay

Too weak to resist Japan, China appealed to the League of Nations for help. Japan withdrew from the League of Nations after being condemned for its incursion into Manchuria. The two nations then fought several battles, in Shanghai , Rehe and Hebei , until the Tanggu Truce was signed in 1933. Thereafter, Chinese volunteer forces continued the resistance to Japanese aggression in Manchuria , and Chahar and Suiyuan . [30] After the 1936 Xi'an Incident , the Kuomintang and communist forces agreed on a ceasefire to present a united front to oppose Japan. [31]

In February 1918, 10,000 sweaters were sent to Camp Lewis, 2,190 in the week of February 20, 1918 alone. “Many of the sweaters contain notes from the makers and cheery words of encouragement are offered the men. Five hundred wristlets and 500 mufflers knitted by the folks at home have been distributed this week and the demand for them is keen.” ( Seattle Post-Intelligencer, February 20, 1918)

Wristlets were in high demand: “(Wristlets are) more like mittens than anything else, for there is a thumb hole and the knitted palm comes down as far as the web of the fingers…without wristlets it is difficult for the soldiers to keep the hands and wrists from becoming stiffened, which makes it very difficult for them to handle a gun or bayonet with precision ... Women of Seattle are urged to make the wristlets, which will keep the soldiers warm.” ( The Seattle Times, February 24, 1918) Fort Lewis soldiers also received 2,488 mufflers and 43,547 pairs of socks from the Red Cross during February 1918. It is difficult to imagine how the region's knitters could have achieved these numbers.

The years 1935-38 were not quiet in the world, nor in Europe itself. By 1935, Italy was launching the conquest of eastern Africa, while Japan was attacking Manchuria and, later, the whole of China starting from Nanking. In central Europe, the new map drawn postwar suited almost none of the central European powers of the time. Germany, for example, was cut in two with the “Danzig Corridor” like a scar on its eastern edge. Southwards, the Czechs threatened to seize bordering territories in dispute since 1922. Czechoslovakia itself was harassed from within by Germanophile extremists supported by the Third Reich. In Hungary and Romania, the situation was not clear, and for long, the USSR had some interest in the rich north-eastern Bessarabian oilfields. Hungary, another country born from the remnants of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, was also in a state of quasi-war with Czechoslovakia, due to border disputes.

In Asia, German successes encouraged Japan to call for oil supplies from the Dutch East Indies . [59] Many Western countries reacted to the occupation of French Indochina by banning oil trading with Japan. [60] Japan planned to take over European colonies in Asia to create a great defensive area in the Pacific so that it could get more resources. [61] But before any future invasion, it first had to destroy the American Pacific Fleet in the Pacific Ocean . [62] On 7 December 1941, it attacked Pearl Harbor as well as many harbors in several South East Asian countries. [63] This event led the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Western Allies and China to declare war on Japan, while the Soviet Union remained neutral. [64] Most of the Axis nations reacted by declaring war on the United States.

The Soviet Union offered support to the partisans in many Wehrmacht -occupied countries in Central Europe , notably those in Slovakia, Poland and the Kingdom of Yugoslavia . In addition, the Polish Armed Forces in the East , particularly the First and Second Polish armies, were armed and trained, and would eventually fight alongside the Red Army . The Free French forces also contributed to the Red Army by the formation of the GC3 ( Groupe de Chasse 3 or 3rd Fighter Group) unit to fulfill the commitment of Charles de Gaulle , leader of the Free French, who thought that it was important for French servicemen to serve on all fronts. A strategic air offensive by the United States Army Air Force and Royal Air Force played a significant part in reducing German industry and tying up German air force and air defense resources, with some bombings, such as the bombing of the eastern German city of Dresden , being done to facilitate specific Soviet operational goals. In addition to Germany, hundreds of thousands of tons of bombs were dropped on their eastern allies of Romania and Hungary , primarily in an attempt to cripple Romanian oil production . British and Commonwealth forces also contributed directly to the fighting on the Eastern Front through their service in the Arctic convoys and training Red Air Force pilots , as well as in the provision of early material and intelligence support. The later massive material support of the Lend-Lease agreement by the United States and Canada played a significant part particularly in the logistics of the war. Among other goods, Lend-Lease supplied: [37]

World war i and ii essay

world war i and ii essay

In Asia, German successes encouraged Japan to call for oil supplies from the Dutch East Indies . [59] Many Western countries reacted to the occupation of French Indochina by banning oil trading with Japan. [60] Japan planned to take over European colonies in Asia to create a great defensive area in the Pacific so that it could get more resources. [61] But before any future invasion, it first had to destroy the American Pacific Fleet in the Pacific Ocean . [62] On 7 December 1941, it attacked Pearl Harbor as well as many harbors in several South East Asian countries. [63] This event led the United States, United Kingdom, Australia, Western Allies and China to declare war on Japan, while the Soviet Union remained neutral. [64] Most of the Axis nations reacted by declaring war on the United States.

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