WSN nodes resource constrained. In order to keep the size and the cost of the nodes down, the nodes have limited processing power, memory and radio range. However, the resource constraint which has the most significant impact on many WSNs is the constraint on energy. WSN nodes are battery operated. Many wireless sensor networks are deployed in locations where battery replacement is not feasible. A node has to be discarded when the battery depletes. Energy scavenging may alleviate this problem in some sensor networks. Most WSN protocols are very conscious of the limited supply of energy, and try to conserve energy.
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