The report, published in September 2017, found racial bias to be prevelant at every stage of the criminal justice system and that discrimination and a harmful impact continues after release. One finding showed that for every 100 white women handed a custodial sentence at Crown Court for drug offences, 227 black women were sentenced to custody. Key recommendation include exploring opportunities to have your criminal record 'sealed' upon seeking employment, establishing a representative judiciary and magistracy by 2025, and greater use of diversion from custody into rehabilitation programmes for low level offences.
On June 28, 2006, Theodore Ts'o , the principal developer of ext3,  announced an enhanced version, called ext4. On October 11, 2008, the patches that mark ext4 as stable code were merged in the Linux source code repositories, marking the end of the development phase and recommending its adoption. In 2008, Ts'o stated that although ext4 has improved features, it is not a major advance, it uses old technology, and is a stop-gap; Ts'o believes that Btrfs is the better direction, because "it offers improvements in scalability, reliability, and ease of management".  Btrfs also has "a number of the same design ideas that reiser3 / 4 had". 
In the 1980s, the Internal Revenue Service revoked the tax-exemption of Bob Jones University because it prohibited interracial dating. The IRS believed it was constitutionally required to refuse a tax subsidy to a university with racist practices. Yet the IRS never challenged the pervasive use of tax-favoritism by universities, churches, and other non-profit organizations and institutions to enforce racial segregation. The IRS extended tax exemptions not only to churches where such associations were frequently based and whose clergy were their officers, but to the associations themselves, although their racial purposes were explicit and well-known. This was de jure segregation.