The power of this chant builds in intensity as it progresses, and the enormity of the sounds that erupt from the hundreds, sometimes thousands of participants was often used to intimidate government troops. As one activist puts it, “The toyi-toyi was our weapon. We did not have the technology of warfare, the tear gas and tanks, but we had this weapon” (Power to the People 2008). Continued on Next Page » 1 2 Next » Cite References Print Clark, Nancy L.; Worger, William H.; South Africa: The Rise and Fall of Apartheid ; Harlow; Pearson Education, 2007.
Liberal activists reject guardianship, loving or not, as demeaning to women. They object to being treated like "subordinates" and "children".   They point to women whose careers were ended by the guardians, or who lost their children because of a lack of custody rights. In a 2009 case, a father vetoed several of his daughter's attempts to marry outside their tribe, and sent her to a mental institution as punishment.  The courts recognize obedience to the father as law, even in cases involving adult daughters.  Saudi activist Wajeha Al-Huwaider agrees that most Saudi men are caring, but "it's the same kind of feeling they have for handicapped people or for animals. The kindness comes from pity, from lack of respect.”  She compares male guardianship to slavery: